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Internet of Things (IoT) in Health: Examples of IoT Solutions in the Health Sector

27 Feb

The health sector of the world today has undergone a massive overhaul in its overall systems and structure. The influence of the internet of things has made way for the application of technological advancements in healthcare a reality. Even so, every health institution needs to take the initiative to employ the right IoT developer that will satisfy all the requirements.

To be more specific, the internet of things has positively changed India’s health sector. Considering a country that registers at least 20% of the world’s diseases, IoT has been nothing but a necessity for the health sector. From research to big data recording, you need to know the potential and achievements of IoT even before you hire IoT developers.

Here are some of the important facts you need to know before you begin your journey in IoT:

Full-time Monitoring and Report

Back in the days, the health sector was entirely dependent on doctors, nurses, and the subordinate staff to execute all respective operations. We now live in a world that has increased diseases and cases of deaths. Ideally, IoT has made these operations easier, especially by developing an integrated system that can carry out monitoring and give patient health reports simultaneously.

Not only has this made the work in hospitals and clinics easier, but it’s also made service delivery more effective.

A country like India alone accounts for 40 deaths in every 1000 live births. Also, there’s a high maternal mortality rate of 174 deaths for every 1000 live births. These statistics are mostly due to stagnant growth as a result of inadequate infrastructure and medical personnel. Therefore, it’s crucial that you understand the stats and figures in health institutions before getting an IoT developer India.

The Internet of Things has brought about software and devices as a way of achieving an efficient, fast, responsive, reliable, and patient-oriented system. Health institutions can now adjust patient medical levels via tracking disease treatment and integration as well as monitoring health reports.

Real-time monitoring is now being applied for patients suffering from chronic diseases. Saving lives has been hastened in the event of an emergency, such as asthma attacks and cardiac arrests. Examples of apps and devices used include mHealth apps, AI, and smart sensors that can monitor, report, and apply based on instructions without you lifting a finger.

Typically, real-time monitoring requires a medical device to be synchronized with a smartphone or any other smart-monitoring device. This then enables medical officials to view and report health data based on trends and potential outcomes to a physician. The information is stored in a cloud (for Big Data purposes) and can be shared to any authorized party other than the physician.

Take, for example, heart failure patients who find themselves in a vulnerable position. One wrong info or delay could easily lead to the loss of life. Remote monitoring in the health sector can reduce the monthly readmission rate by 50%, as reported by the Center of Connected Health Policy.

Management of Operations

Management of business can be quite strenuous, and in this case, hospitals aren’t any easier. Health institutions require a large team that will ensure smooth operations throughout the working hours. However, health and hospital officials are rational human beings that are prone to error and exhaustion, just like everybody else.

By identifying the rightful Internet of Things developer, you can come up with automated systems run by AI. This will eventually make the work of doctors and nurses easier, as they’ll be able to put their focus exclusively on patients.

One might think that doctors are only meant to work on patients. However, every hospital has a hierarchy system that distributes powers are roles accordingly. By using IoT upgrades, hospitals can go the extra mile in ensuring medical facilities and equipment are safe and fully functional.

Traditionally, doctors had to look after hospital investments other than just catering to patients. IoT will ultimately make it cost-effective to purchase and maintain equipment as compared to the past, where there were few instances of theft among the personnel.

Besides, hospitals need to have a basic automatic system that lets the reception key-in patients before seeing a doctor. The hospitals should then have a patient waiting list that depicts the process of visiting the doctor to the issuance of prescribed medicine.

This doesn’t have to end here as hospitals can go as far as upgrading the basic IoT systems by employing the use of voice search and announcements. It’s never been simpler for patients to ask questions and for doctors to answer them and collect data on the same. Eventually, this will help improve customer-related services handled by different departments in hospitals.

Equipment and facilities used in hospitals are expensive and can incur damage over a long period. IoT has made it more manageable for authorities to detect and replace outdated equipment based on system analysis readings. Moreover, IoT helps in recognizing the devices and facilities that may require calibration for it to give out accurate test results.

Glucose Management

As much as this is slightly touched in the first point, glucose monitoring is a complicated task that needs the right applications for treatment. Diabetes is a chronic illness that has been on the increase even among younger individuals. Treating diabetes is such a delicate process that can only be successful by having accurate health data about the victims.

Statistically, there are over 30 million patients diagnosed with diabetes in India. Unfortunately, things might only get worse, but thanks to IoT in healthcare, monitoring glucose can be projected on our mobile devices.

One of the most common devices used in diabetes monitoring and treatment is wearables. Wearables are digital watches that aid in keeping track of vital health indicators - collection and transmission of wellness and health fitness data. Wearables are now being used in a patient’s everyday life, making them reliable and coherent in their application.

Before being put into an insulin-shot prescription, the doctor needs to carry out tests and check the progress of your health. For a detailed health picture, the wearables will collect live data such as blood pressure & sugar, heart rate, and pulse. This data is then shared with doctors who can even detect disease signs and prevent health deterioration in time.

Here are some of the insights on the usage of IoT for glucose monitoring and control:

  • Sensors can record and send data to synchronized devices. Physicians can access the data and act accordingly.
  • Early detection of high sugar levels makes it possible for patients to take precautions.
  • The monitoring of HbA1c levels helps control diabetes. HbA1c is a protein that can intensify the complexity of the diabetes disease if it increases in levels.

Arrangement and Analysis of Data

The best way to successfully treat a disease is by studying it and carrying out further research based on observations. This is a method used in the past to come up with cures and treatment programs. Some resulted in a high success rate, where some diseases have been completely eradicated (smallpox).

It’s safe to say that IoT has made this process more comfortable since it doesn’t require much physical effort in its application.

Health institutions tend to acquire hundreds if not thousands of patients in a day. This only means that patient data is collected in bulk. A lack of a sufficient storage source can lead to data exploitation by the wrong users. This is why IoT in healthcare requires the help of big data.

Big data not only allows the collection of vast amounts of information for storage but also carries out the analysis. This gives physicians a chance to detect trends and make predictions based on the results. It’s now straightforward for hospitals to study disease tendencies and even come up with better patient services for improved healthcare.

Read the Blog: How the Launch of 5G Will Change IoT in India

The most crucial aspect that has made cloud computing success is cloud computing. Without the cloud, acquisition, and transmission of data to multiple devices would be a huge hassle. It’s now possible for IoT devices to get access, process, and share health data without having to incur the task of storing new information in hard drives.

As if this isn’t enough, cloud computing can still be customized to limit access to some crucial data. Where some nurses can have entry to initial data reports on some patients, the final graphs and details can also be limited to authorized doctors. Therefore, IoT in health can still have restrictions as a way of preventing a data breach.

In conclusion, IoT in health is only here to improve the standards of healthcare. With a rise in illnesses and deaths, this is undoubtedly the time to employ digital and technological solutions that will help transform healthcare. It’s important to be complacent with the facts surrounding IoT before fully integrating it into your health systems.

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